As reported "Interfax" the General Director IKAR Dmitry Rylko, the new forecast is 79.3 million tons against a previous 80 million tons.
"The main reason is hot weather in the South, where drought strongly "walked" across the crops," he said.
Earlier, IKAR has lowered the forecast of wheat harvest in this year with 80.5 million to 80 million tons.
Rylko said that will be reduced and the overall grain harvest, which has reached 124.7 million tons.
According to the forecast of the analytical center of "Rusagrotrans", the grain harvest will amount to 124.2 million tons, 1.8 million tons less than the previous forecast. Including evaluation of wheat harvest reduced 0.9 million tons to 79.9 million tons, barley - 0.1 million tons to 19.4 million tons. At the same time, the forecast yield of corn increased 0.1 million tons to 12.3 million tons.
However, as stressed by the head of the center Igor Pavensky, as the General grain harvest and the wheat harvest will be the second-largest result after record crop production in 2017 (135.5 million tonnes).
According to him, one of the key factors in the revision of the forecast of steel preliminary results of the sowing areas of spring crops, which was significantly below expectations. The forecast of sowing areas decreased by 1.1 million hectares, to 29.1 million hectares In 2018, spring sowing of grain was performed by 29.4 million hectares.
"Manufacturers continue to increase the acreage under oil, reducing the area under spring grain crops", - he said.
Most notably the forecast of sown area of summer grain was reduced in the Siberian Federal district, with the result that the forecast of grain harvest was reduced by 0.6 million tons to 14.4 million tons.
According to Pavensky, the negative effect on the crop was also affected by hot and dry weather in June, especially in the Stavropol Krai and the Volga region. A starting yield of winter cereals in the North Caucasus district were below last year's forecast of collection decreased by 0.3 million tonnes to 12.3 million tonnes.
In this case in the southern district, in contrast, the starting yield is significantly higher than last year. The forecast crop is raised 0.1 million tons to 34.8 million tons, which is the second highest for the region since the record in 2017.
In the Central district forecast of grain harvest reduced by 0.4 million tons to 31.4 million tons in connection with a reduction of the forecast of sowing areas of spring crops. "But he still remains colorectum, second only to the level of 2017," - said the expert.
In the Volga region the forecast of grain harvest reduced by 0.7 million tonnes to 23.1 million tonnes due to low moisture reserves due to the dry hot weather in June, as well as the reduction of the forecast of sowing areas of spring crops.
The agriculture Ministry maintains its forecast for the grain harvest of 118 million tonnes, including 75 million tons of wheat.
Translated by service "Yandex.Translation"