Indian scientists have completed the final tests of genetically modified varieties of mustard and will report to the government through the month, hoping to win fierce resistance and make the grade the first commercial transgenic food product produced in the country.
Influential the organization of farmers that support Indian people's party (BJP) Prime Minister Narendra modi, is one of the biggest critics of GM crops and demands that the government stop all field trials, because they "will destroy the agricultural economy."
The resolution production of GM crops is critical to the realization of the objectives modi for enhancing agricultural productivity in India, where urbanization absorbs arable land, and population growth is so high that by 2030 the population will reach 1.5 billion, exceeding the rate in China.
India imports approximately 60% of their needs in edible oils with an annual value of up to $10 billion - the third largest position import after oil and gold.
A new variety of GM mustard gives India the chance to significantly reduce this source of import because it will be the high yielding oilseed crop in India, with the yield at 26-34% above the national average, according to scientists from Delhi University, who carried out the research in the field of GM mustard.
The recently completed study of biological safety did not show adverse allergenic or toxic effects on the environment.
Last month leaders of the Bharatiya Kisan Sangh (BKS) - Indian farmers Union, which is opposed to field trials of GM crops, has met with some government scientists working on GMOs, in an attempt to convince them to stop all field trials. Representatives BKS stated that field testing will destroy the agricultural economy of the country because there is no information about their long-term impact. Scientists can complete testing and submit reports, but it will not let GM crops on the Indian field.
But in August last year, the modi government has resumed field trials of certain GM crops in Maharashtra state ruled by representatives of the BJP, has begun trials of rice, chickpeas, corn, and eggplant, as well as new varieties of cotton.
GM cotton developed by Monsanto Co and manufactured in India since 2002, helped to transform the country from a net importer to the world's principal producer of the fiber.
Translated by the service "Yandex.Translation"