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The failure of the program to combat ASF can lead to the closure of export markets for Poland.
The Supreme chamber of control of Poland (BCP) criticized the Ministry of agriculture and the chief veterinarian for inadequate training and poor implementation of the program, which was to stop the African plague of pigs. Spreading disease can lead to the closure of markets in Canada, USA and Hong Kong, in which the Polish company exporting pork. The Chinese market is already lost.
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The CPSU believes that the program has not reached the main goals. First of all, the spread of the virus in Poland was not stopped. The number of cases of African swine fever is growing day by day. Coverage of the program has doubled, but the reaction of the agencies was too slow. For example, despite the appearance in the 2016 cases of infection of wild boars in new regions, the decision to include them in the program was made only in the following year. In November 2017, the virus crossed the line of the Vistula.

The virus is spreading, so as not executed and the second part of the program, that is not achieved the condition in which pigs are kept exclusively in farms with high biosecurity level. CPSU warns that the emergence from June 2017 mass outbreaks of ASF shows that many households were inadequately protected. This situation remains until now - in 2018, revealed 3 new outbreak of the disease.

During the development program were not taken into account the probability of its implementation. Decisions in the field of Biosafety were not adapted to the structure of farms, 93% of it was small farms, with up to 50 pigs. They could not afford to introduce compulsory security measures, because the average cost of bringing the farm into compliance with the requirements, estimated at about 8 000 Euro. In the end, only 6% of owners were able to meet these requirements.

Inefficient was also the control of the chief veterinary officer on the implementation of the program: 74% of households not have the necessary security tools. Not checked the authenticity compiled by veterinarians in the field reports on the availability of means of protection from infectious diseases. Often the state of protection of the enterprises presented in the protocols as appropriate to the requirements, although in reality it was not so. This is confirmed by the occurrence of ASF in such farms.

The further spread of the disease can have serious economic consequences for Poland. First of all, spreading the disease can lead to the closure of markets in Canada, USA and Hong Kong, in which the Polish company exporting pork. Already lost the Chinese market, where a year was exported to 52 thousand tons of pork. The disease can also lead to social consequences such as a reduction in the number of farms and changes in the structure of pig production, which mainly will be engaged in large farms. Poland may consider a country that lost control of ASF.

For the implementation of anti-epidemic program 2015-2017 (H1) allocated 1 million euros. The average cost of destruction of one pig about 145 euros. To eliminate the pigs had spent a total of 900 thousand euros, a large part of this sum more than 600 thousand was compensation for the dead pigs.



Source: Kaliningrad branch of the interregional ecological public organization "Green front"



Translated by service "Yandex.Translation»
Источники: Agro2b
Friday, 22 January 2021
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